The following link shows a video and commentary, which explains more than I can, the change in House Standing Rule XXII and what it has contributed to the current shut down:
We are so very frightened for our country. We are so very vulnerable right now to every sort of attack: economic, terrorist, anything. We and everyone who has a computer has now seen the story on U-Tube about the Rules Committee of the House changing Standing Rule XXII in the middle of the night to prevent any member of the House bringing a Senate bill to a vote. This is a terrible miscarry of power and we are sharing this information with everyone we know, hoping that they in turn will share it as well. We are frightened.